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Steam reformer units are critical to many processes in refining and chemical plant. They are used in the production of

ammonia, but also for the production of hydrogen for oil refining, and direct iron reduction, hydrogen and carbon

monoxide for nickel reduction and purification, and syngas as a basis for producing methanol, acetic acid and various

other chemicals.

Steam reformer units are critical to many processes in refining and chemical plant. They are used in the production of

ammonia, but also for the production of hydrogen for oil refining, and direct iron reduction, hydrogen and carbon

monoxide for nickel reduction and purification, and syngas as a basis for producing methanol, acetic acid and various

other chemicals.

The costs for the reformer furnace are a substantial part of the investment of the complete plant. For a typical 1500

metric tons ammonia plant this is about 20%. Also, the materials and assembly costs for the reformer tubes and outlet

components make up a substantial part of the reformer furnace (for the above mentioned plant size this is about 10

Million USD).

For economic reasons, but mainly because of maintaining high levels of safety, reliability, and structural integrity,

end-users want to use state-of-the-art life assessment methods and inspection techniques for their reformer tubes and

outlet components. This paper describes these aspects.

Further explanation can be downloaded below: