Leadership and the distinctions between management and leadership.

Leadership Defined :

  • The creative and directive force of morale (Munson, 1921).
  • The process by which an agent induces a subordinate to behave in a desired
    manner (Bennis, 1959).
  • The presence of a particular influence relationship between two or more persons
    (Hollander & Julian, 1969).
  • Directing and coordinating the work of group members (Fiedler, 1967).
  • An interpersonal relations in which others comply because they want to, not
    because they have to (Merston, 1969, Hogan, Curphy, & Hogan, 1994).
  • Transforming followers, creating visions of the goals that may be attained,
    and articulating for the followers the ways to attain those goals (Bass, 1985;
    Tichy & Devanna, 1986).
  • The process of influencing an organized group toward accomplishing its goals
    (Roach & Behling, 1984).
  • Actions that focus resources to create desirable opportunities (Campbell, 1991).
  • The leader’s job is to create conditions for the team to be effective (Ginnett,

Conclusion :

Leadership is ‘The process of influencing an organized group toward accomplishing
its goals’. Leadership Is Both Rational and Emotional. Leadership Is a
Process, Not a Position

Myths That Hinder Leadership Development

  • Good leadership is all common sense.
  • Leaders are born, not made.
  • The only school you learn leadership from is the school of hard knocks.

Distinctions Between Managers and Leaders

# Innovate # Administer
# Develop # Maintain
# Inspire # Control
# Take the long-term view # Have a short-term view
# Ask what and why # Ask how and when
# Originate # Imitate
# Challenge the status quo # Accept the status quo


# Vision # Action
# Holistic # Sequential
# Creative # Logical
# Direction # Execution
# Right Brain # Left Brain
# Effective # Efficient
#1st Creation # 2nd Creation