Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR)has launched an important upgrading project for its pilot plants.The aim of this project is to introduce control and operational enhancements to the existing petroleum pilot plant units.These enhancements are realised through the integration of an industrial distributed control system (DCS)with the petroleum pilot plant centre at KISR and through the implementation of well-designed control,safety and operational strategies.The primary focus of the implementation is converting the control systems of two pilot plant process units from a PC-based environment to a DCS-based environment.