Comprehensive Assessment of Different Energy Sources For Electricity
Generation in Indonesia


Assistance has been provided to Indonesia by the International Atomic Energy Agency
(IAEA) under a technical co-operation project titled ‘Comprehensive Assessment of
Different Energy Sources for Electricity Generation in Indonesia’ (INS/0/016). The
project’s main objective is to support the national planning and decision-making process in
Indonesia’s energy and electricity sectors, taking into account key economic, social and
environmental factors. This study is intended to comprehensively assess the potential
contributions of various energy options to the optimal long-term development of Indonesia’s
energy supply and demand consistent with sustainable development.

An Indonesian Team was created, which includes representatives of the following
institutions: the Agency of Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), the National
Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN), the Directorate General of Electricity and Energy
Development (DJLPE), the Directorate General of Oil and Gas (DJMIGAS), the Environment
Impact Control Agency (BAPEDAL), the National Centre for Statistics Agency (BPS), the
State Electricity Company (PT. PLN Persero) and the Non Governmental Organization for
Environment (NGO). The project was organized in co-operation with these institutions, with
IAEA support in the form of expertise from Russian and German experts. BATAN and BPPT
have been designated by the Indonesian Government as the lead organization and the national
counterpart for the project.

The comprehensive assessment of different energy sources for electricity generation in
Indonesia consists of two phases. The energy demand and supply analysis using the MAED
and MARKAL models is Phase I of the study and was carried out in 2001. The assessment of
environmental impacts and externalities of electric energy generation using the SimPacts
model will be done in Phase II of the study in 2002.
The principal objective in Phase I was to allow the Indonesian Team to obtain a comprehensive
understanding of the MAED (Model for Assessment of Energy Demand) and MARKAL (Market
Allocation) packages through applications based on the integrated use of the two models. All the
Indonesian organizations mentioned above took part.
Several missions by IAEA experts were organized to help prepare the data base, run the model
and review the progress of the study, resolve problems experienced in the conduct of the study,
and provide advice about any follow-up activities needed at each step of the analysis process. All
these activities led to the successful conclusion of an overall energy planning study for the

This present Phase I report documents the work conducted and the principal results obtained. The
conclusions and recommendations are put forward for further consideration by the responsible
authorities of the country regarding expected decisions on energy and electricity supply options,
including nuclear power.