For the first time solar energy has been successfully used in a pilot-plant to create storable energy from a metal ore. In a project funded by the EU, the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) with the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETHZ) together with other research institutes and industrial partners, have reached an important milestone.
successfully used in a pilot-plant to create storable energy from a metal
ore. In a project funded by the EU, the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) with
the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETHZ) together with other
research institutes and industrial partners, have reached an important milestone.
A 300-kilowatt pilot installation to create zinc using
solar temperatures of over 1200 degrees Celsius successfully came into operation
in Israel. The solar-reactor technology is Swiss developed, by the PSI and
ETH Zurich, and forms the heart of the plant.
Reducing zinc oxide to zinc is a useful way of chemically storing the sun’s
energy in a transportable form, for later use. Zinc can be used in zinc-air-batteries
or be used to produce hydrogen by reacting it with water vapor. In both cases
the zinc recombines with oxygen and zinc oxide is produced, which can be
reused in the solar reactor to produce zinc once more.
‘After extensive trials with reactor-prototypes at the PSI solar-oven we
have, with our project partners from Sweden, France and Israel, begun to
successfully operate a 300-kilowatt pilot-plant at the Weizmann Institute
of Science (WIS) in Rehovot near Tel Aviv’, explains Christian Wieckert
from PSI, Scientific Coordinator of the project.
The aim is sixty-percent efficiency
The first trials of the solar power-plant have used thirty-percent of available
solar energy and produced forty-five kilos of zinc an hour, exceeding projected
goals. During further tests this summer a higher efficiency is expected.
Industrial size plants, for which this is a prototype, can reach efficiency
levels of fifty- to sixty-percent. The success of this solar chemistry pilot
project opens the way for an efficient thermo-chemical process whereby the
sun’s energy can be stored and transported in the form of a chemical fuel.
In this process the zinc is combined with coal, coke or carbon biomass which
acts as a reactive agent, yet in this reactor only a fifth of the usual amount
of agent is used. The sun’s rays are concentrated on this mixture by a system
of mirrors and the zinc forms as a gas which is then condensed to a powder.
The research into high-temperature solar-chemistry at PSI and ETHZ combines
fundamental physics and chemistry research with solar-chemical reactor technology.
The long-term goal is the development of fuels by means of clean, universal
and sustainable energy sources. ‘Solar fuels can be used as an environmentally
friendly energy provider and thereby be part of the solution to climate
change’, says Aldo Steinfeld, Professor from the Institute of Energy Technology
at the ETH Zurich and leader of the Solar Chemistry Laboratory at PSI.
Source : www.physorg.com