In principal, to determine preferred oil pipeline system, integration of hydraulic, mechanical, operations, maintenance and economical aspects have to be performed. This paper provides fundamentals of oil pipeline systems design, specifically focuses on hydraulics aspect.

By : Dani Rusirawan

Abstract. In principal, to determine preferred oil pipeline system, integration of hydraulic, mechanical, operations, maintenance and economical aspects have to be performed. This paper provides fundamentals of oil pipeline systems design, specifically focuses on hydraulics aspect.

Keywords: Oil and pipeline systems, hydraulics

1. Introduction

Pipelines are like arteries and veins. They carry the lifeblood of modern civilization. In a modern city they transport water from the sources of water supply to the points of distribution; convey waste from residential and commercial buildings and other civic facilities to the treatment facility or the point of discharge. Similarly, pipelines carry crude oil from oil wells to tank farms for storage or to refineries for processing.
Now days, pipelines as a transportation system have been increased in the world. End users required oils, as a source of energy to drive their expanding economies and suppliers need to maintain a constant flow of income delivering energy to these users. Safe and reliable pipeline systems are crucial in getting source of energy to world markets.
Conduct to pipeline engineering, pipeline systems is included in it work scope. Basically, work scope of pipeline engineering consist of several item as follow: pipeline material, pipeline systems, pipeline stress, pipeline locations, pipeline engineering economics, pipeline maintenance, pipeline construction and support areas.
In the design of an oil transportation (pipeline) system, it is necessary to consider many aspects of design and operation as well as project economics in determining the preferred pipeline system to transport a commodity, or commodities, from a source to a destination. On a technical or engineering level, three aspects of design are interrelated in the system approach to design:

1. Hydraulic

2. Mechanical

3. Operations and Maintenance

Decisions in one area of design directly affect, or limit, the options in another area. For example, it may be necessary to locate a pump station such that it is accessible, for example, on a main road, near an electrical power source. Thus, the pipeline route will have an intermediate location point set, in addition to the origin and terminal points. Likewise, preliminary design and cost estimating (economic aspects) are not separate and independent procedures but are instead closely related and proceed concurrently.

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