Seperti yang diperkirakan oleh President Brazil, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, PetrÃ³leos de Venezuela SA (PDVSA) dan PetrÃ³leo Brasileiro SA (Petrobras) akhirnya telah mencapai perjanjian mengenai kilang Abreu e Lima berdasarkan konstruksi di Pernambuco,Brazil.
Penulis : Eric Watkins
â€œThere is currently nothing pending in the negotiations,â€ said Paulo Roberto Costa, Petrobrasâ€™ downstream director. â€œAll of the issues regarding the investment plan, oil purchases, and distribution have been set.â€
Earlier talks had stalled when PDVSA sought better-than-market prices for the oil it would provide for processing at the refinery. The Venezuelan state firm also wanted to sell oil products from the refinery in Brazil.
However, following discussions with Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, Lula said in June that major disagreements preventing joint projects by the two sides would be cleared up within 3 months (OGJ, June 8, 2009).
Following talks this week, PDVSA agreed to follow local rules to distribute fuels from the Abreu e Lima facility, with international oil prices as the benchmark.
Costa said that final agreement on the Abreu e Lima refinery will be signed next month during a meeting between Lula and Chavez.
Petrobras is said to have invested $2 billion in the refinery already, while Venezuela is expected to announce $500 million in funding during the September signing by the two presidents.
The cost of the refinery, originally budgeted at $4.5 billion, will certainly rise, according to Costa who said much has changed since the budget forecast was made 3 years ago.
Cost overruns on site work for the refinery have become part of an inquiry by Brazilâ€™s Senate into alleged â€œirregularitiesâ€ at Petrobras, which said in April that overruns had reached $55 million.
The Abreu e Lima refinery is considered a key component in plans by Petrobras to increase Brazilâ€™s refining capacity to 3.6 million b/d by 2015, up from current capacity of 1.9 million b/d.
The joint venture facilityâ€”owned 60% by Petrobras and 40% by PDVSAâ€”is designed to process 230,000 b/d of oil, with each partner providing 50% of the oil. The refinery, now 15% complete, is due to begin operations by 2011 and will produce diesel, LPG, naphtha, and coke.